Understanding 8 common women’s health issues

The term “women’s health” encompasses a wide range of conditions that can have unique presentations and impact women differently compared to men. Understanding these conditions, their symptoms, and appropriate diagnosis and treatment is important for maintaining optimal health.

Let’s explore some common female-specific presentations, ranging from cardiovascular diseases to reproductive health issues, and shed light on how we can support you to manage them effectively.

Heart disease

Heart disease is often considered a male-dominated condition, but it affects women as well. Symptoms may include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and nausea. Diagnosis typically involves an evaluation of symptoms, medical history, physical examination, and tests such as ECGs and stress tests. Treatment may include lifestyle modifications, medication, or surgical intervention.


Women face unique risk factors for stroke, such as pregnancy and hormone replacement therapy. Symptoms of stroke can include sudden numbness or weakness, confusion, trouble speaking or understanding, severe headache, and difficulty walking. Prompt diagnosis is crucial, usually involving imaging tests such as CT scans and MRI. Treatment may involve medications, rehabilitation, and addressing underlying risk factors.


Diabetes affects women differently due to hormonal fluctuations, especially during pregnancy and menopause. Symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and blurred vision. Diagnosis involves blood tests measuring glucose levels. Treatment may include dietary modifications, physical activity, oral medications, or insulin therapy.

Pregnancy-related issues

Pregnancy brings about specific health concerns, such as gestational diabetes, hypertension, preeclampsia, and postpartum depression. Regular prenatal care, monitoring blood sugar and blood pressure levels, mental health support, and addressing any complications are crucial to ensure a healthy pregnancy.


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in women due to anatomical factors. Symptoms may include a frequent urge to urinate, a burning sensation during urination, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, and pelvic pain. Diagnosis involves a urine test to identify bacteria. Treatment generally involves antibiotics and increased fluid intake.

Sexual health conditions

Conditions like vaginal infections, endometriosis, and PCOS can affect women’s sexual health. Symptoms may include abnormal vaginal discharge, pain during intercourse, irregular periods, or excessive hair growth. Diagnosis is based on symptoms, physical examination, and sometimes blood tests. Treatment options range from medication to hormonal therapy, depending on the condition.

Breast cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers affecting women. Symptoms can include breast lumps, changes in breast shape or size, nipple discharge, or skin changes. Early detection is crucial, and screening methods like mammograms, ultrasounds, and MRIs aid in diagnosis. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy, depending on the stage and characteristics of the cancer.

Domestic violence

Domestic violence and abuse affects the physical and mental health of countless men and women. Recognition and support are critical. Your GP plays a vital role in identifying signs of abuse, providing resources, and offering a safe environment for disclosure.

Understanding and addressing the unique health challenges you may face as a woman is essential for overall wellbeing. Regular health check-ups, self-awareness, and seeking medical attention when needed are key components of maintaining good health.

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